Synthetic Substitution. A transformation made by substitutions that shift each point of a given graph to a different location without changing the shape of the graph. Difference: The difference is the answer to a subtraction problem, in which one number is taken away from another. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. A function whose equation can be written in the form y = b and whose graph is a horizontal line. Binomial: A polynomial equation with two terms usually joined by a plus or minus sign. Hypotenuse: The longest side of a right-angled triangle, always opposite to the right angle itself. If the value of a de- pends on the value of b, or if a is usually defined in terms of b, a is called the dependent variable. Negative Number: A number less than zero denoted with the symbol -. Two quantities x and y vary inversely if and only if there is a constant k. k ¹ 0, such thatY = K/X. Mode: The mode in a list of numbers are the values that occur most frequently. Imaginary Part - the imaginary part of a complex number x+iy where x and y are real is y. function such that for any numbers a and b in the domain. A line in the plane of a graph such that the part of the graph on one side of the line is a reflection of the part on the other side. Yard: A unit of measure that is equal to approximately 91.5 centimeters or 3 feet. Chord: A segment joining two points on a circle. For each positive inte- ger n, the sequence with the first term a, and nth term a, is an arithmetic sequence if and only if an = a1 + (n - 1)d. The indicated sum of the terms of an arithmetic sequence. endpoint A point at the end of a segment or the starting point of a ray. Percent: A ratio or fraction with the denominator 100. The equation Q(x) = 0. where Q(x) is the quotient when a polynomial has been divided by a factor (x - r). The portion of a repeating decimal that repeats. Linear Equation: An equation that contains two variables and can be plotted on a graph as a straight line. A square matrix with I's on the main diagonal (upper lcft to lower right) and other entries 0. Quotient: The solution to a division problem. Also know as the null set. A symbol indicating that the pattern-continues in a sequence. Integers: The set of all whole numbers and their opposites. A set of numbers with two operations that has the closure, commutative, associative, identity, and inverse properties for addition and multiplication and distributive for multiplication over addition. An angle that measures between 0 and 90 formed by a horizontal ray and a ray from the observer to the object observed above. Related Facts Property of Multiplication and Division If xy = P, then P/x = y and P/y = x.Or a numerical example: If you know that 4x6=24, then the related facts are 24/4=6 and 24/6=4.. Remainder: The number left over when a quantity cannot be divided evenly. Formula: A rule that numerically describes the relationship between two or more variables. Reflection: The mirror image of a shape or object, obtained from flipping the shape on an axis. Infinite: With no end or limit. Norm: The mean or average; an established pattern or form. Event: This term often refers to an outcome of probability; it may answers question about the probability of one scenario happening over another. A real number that is not a rational number, i.e. Ellipse: An ellipse looks like a slightly flattened circle and is also known as a plane curve. A fraction that has frac- tions in either the numerator or the denominator or both. The fraction representing half of 1 is written as 1/2. If nx = a, the logarithm of a, with n as the base, is x. Logarithm is the opposite of exponentiation. Hyperbola: A type of conic section or symmetrical open curve. An arrangement of a number of objects in a definite order. The longest side of a right triangle. Event A is a com- plement of event B with respect to sample spaceS if and only if A and 8 include all outcomes of S, and A and B have no outcomes in common. List Of Words That Start With Z. Z-Intercept - the point at which a line crosses the z-axis.. Zenith - the highest point, peak. Ratios can be expressed in words, fractions, decimals, or percentages. The hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane, the difference of whose distance from two fixed points in the plane is a positive constant. Probability: The likelihood of an event happening. Half the difference between the maximum and minimum values of a periodic function. List Of Words That Start With H. Half-Line - a ray.. Half-Plane - the part of a plane that lies on one side of a given line.. Hankel Matrix - a matrix in which all the elements are the same along any diagonal that slopes from northeast to southwest.. Harmonic Analysis - the study of the representation of functions by means of linear operations on characteristic sets of functions. Jam: It is computer game. Order of Operations: A set of rules used to solve mathematical problems in the correct order. Coordinate: The ordered pair that gives a precise location or position on a coordinate plane. Fibonacci Sequence: A sequence beginning with a 0 and 1 whereby each number is the sum of the two numbers preceding it. Term: Piece of an algebraic equation; a number in a sequence or series; a product of real numbers and/or variables. U.S. A system whose gr-aphs coincide and that has infinitely many solutions. Symmetric with Respect to the y-axis. Decagon: A polygon/shape with ten angles and ten straight lines. + x. The indicated sum of the terms of a sequence. Centimeter: A metric unit of measurement for length, abbreviated as cm. Joint variation: Joint variation is the same as direct variation with two or more quantities. The common factor that is a multiple of each common factor. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Isometric Paper, Math Charts, Grids, Graph Paper, How to Determine the Geometry of a Circle, Fifth Grade Math - 5th Grade Math Course of Study. constant linear function: A function whose equation can be written in the form y = b and whose graph is a horizontal line. The line that best approximates the graph of the relationship between two vari- ables, if that relationship is nearly linear. Ordinal: Ordinal numbers give relative position in a set: first, second, third, etc. A rectangular array of numbers arranged in Tows and columns. A decimal in which a digit or a group of digits repeats forever, e.g. A polynomial is written in descending order when the term with highest de- gree is written first, followed by the term with next highest degree second, and so on. Absolute Value: Always a positive number, absolute value refers to the distance of a number from 0. Geometry studies physical shapes and the object dimensions. Addition. Jacobian: In vector calculus Jacobian matrix is of all first order derivatives of a vector or scalar valued function with respect to another vector. The form Y = mx + b of a linear equation in two variables. A determinant with two rows and two columns. The point on a segment that is equidistant from the endpoints. Two events A and B are dependent if and only if (A and then B) * P(A) - P(B). Logic: Sound reasoning and the formal laws of reasoning. A method of solving systems of equations by replacing one variable with another variable or variable expression that is equal to it. Perpendicular: Two lines or line segments intersecting to form a right angle. The term a which can be considered the coefficient of x. A number of the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers and i is the imaginary unit. A list of words that start with Y (words with the prefix Y). The point on the number line associated with zero. and it is graphed on the vertical axis. A determinant with three rows and three columns. Equilateral: A term used to describe a shape whose sides are all of equal length. Box and Whisker Plot/Chart: A graphical representation of data that shows differences in distributions and plots data set ranges. Average: The average is the same as the mean. Evaluate: This word means "to calculate the numerical value". The odds of flipping a coin and having it land on heads are one in two. Have fun by learning Algebra Terminology. Ray: A straight line with only one endpoint that extends infinitely. The set of all rational and irrational numbers. Factor: A number that divides into another number exactly. themathlab.com, a whole new math experience scale factor of size transformation In similar figures, the ratio of a distance or length in an image to the corresponding distance or length in a preimage.Also called ratio of similitude. The difference be- tween successive terms in a sequence: constant of inverse variation: The number k in the inverse variation Y = K/X. linear equation An equation in which the graph of the solutions is a line. Add up a series of numbers and divide the sum by the total number of values to find the average. A function is a linear function if and only if its domain is the set of all real numbers and its equation can be written in the form y = mx + b. Trinomial: A polynomial with three terms. A number between - I and + I which is a measure of the dispersion of data points about a regression line. A geometric series with an infinitely large number of terms. Basic math glossary-W Basic math glossary-W define words beginning with the letter W w: w is an abbreviation for width. Lines with slopes that are negative reciprocals. Polynomial: The sum of two or more monomials. Repeated Addition Model for Multiplication If n is a positive integer, then nx = x + x +. Quadratic Equation: An equation that can be written with one side equal to 0. Median: The median is the "middle value" in a series of numbers ordered from least to greatest. Find the definition and meaning for various math words from this math dictionary. where a is real. Complementary Angles: Two angles that together equal 90°. Instructor/Author/Digital Textile-Graphic Artist. j: 'j' is the unit vector in vector study. A constant (a number), a variable, or a product of constants and/or variables. Translation: A translation, also called a slide, is a geometrical movement in which a figure or shape is moved from each of its points the same distance and in the same direction. A region that has a polygon with no "indentations" as a boundary. Product: The sum obtained through multiplication of two or more numbers. The absolute value of a complex number a + bi is the square root of a square plus b square. 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